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Allow People To Vote


    Now we're going to add a button people can click to cast a vote.


Step 1: Add a new controller action for voting

Edit app/controllers/topics_controller.rb and add this method at the end of the controller, above the private keyword:

def upvote
  @topic = Topic.find(params[:id])
  • @topic = Topic.find(params[:id]) finds the topic in the database with that id and stores it in the variable @topic.
  • @topic.votes.create creates a new vote for the current topic and saves it in the database.
  • redirect_to(topics_path) tells the browser to go back to topics_path (the topics list).

Step 2: Add a new route for voting

Open config/routes.rb and find the section that looks like this:

resources :topics

Replace that line so it looks like this:

resources :topics do
  member do
    post 'upvote'

Verify that upvote route was added successfully by checking the output of rails routes. You should see a line that looks like this:

      Prefix Verb   URI Pattern                  Controller#Action
upvote_topic POST   /topics/:id/upvote(.:format) topics#upvote

Step 3: Add the button to the view and add a table format

Edit app/views/topics/index.html.erb so that it looks like this:

<p style="color: green"><%= notice %></p>


<div id="topics">
    <th> Topic </th>
    <th> Description</th>
    <th> Votes count</th>
    <th> </th>
    <th> </th>
    <th> </th>
    <th> </th>
    <% @topics.each do |topic| %>
        <td><%= topic.title %></td>
        <td><%= topic.description %></td>
        <td><%= pluralize(topic.votes.count, "vote") %></td>
        <td><%= button_to '+1', upvote_topic_path(topic), method: :post %></td>
        <td><%= link_to 'Show', topic %></td>
        <td><%= link_to 'Edit', edit_topic_path(topic) %></td>
        <td><%= link_to 'Destroy', topic, method: :delete, data: { confirm: 'Are you sure?' } %></td>
    <% end %>


<%= link_to "New topic", new_topic_path %>
  • pluralize(topic.votes.count, "vote") displays the number of votes the topic has, plus the word "vote" or "votes" accordingly.
  • button_to '+1' creates an HTML button with the text "+1".
  • upvote_topic_path(topic) creates the appropriate URL for the action we want to invoke. In this case, we want to upvote the current topic.
    • upvote_topic_path(topic) would return /topics/42/upvote (if topic.id was 42)
  • method: :post ensures we do the create action of CRUD, not the read action.

Step 4: Confirm your changes in the browser

Go back to /topics and play.